Asia OA Meeting 2020 PRESENTATION

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Keynote 1
Open Science in a COVID-19 World by Kathleen Shearer, Executive Director, COAR

Open access has continued to spread since the Berlin Declaration, but there is still a long way to go. For research data the situation is even worse. However, with COVID-19, the importance of open science has emerged. The COVID-19 pandemic has led to rapid sharing of research findings and a joint effort around the world. Scholarly publishers have freely disclosed articles on COVID-19, and major funders have published guidelines, including immediate disclosure of the results of research on COVID-19. COVID-19-related preprints have also increased significantly. This pandemic made us realize the need for fundamental changes in the research paradigm and publishing. However, there are also side effects such as an increase in the number of COVID-19-related papers withdrawn, so it is necessary to prepare countermeasures. It is also important to consider open science's global diversity. To this end, COAR is conducting various studies such as next-generation repositories, overlay journals, pubfair, and overlay peer review. Efforts should be made to ensure that interest in open science continues even after COVID-19 has passed.

Keynote 2
Recent Trends in Open Research: Changing Research Culture by Caroline Sutton, Chair, OASPA/Director, Open Research, T&F

The discourse has moved from open access to the research article published in a journal to opening up the entire research lifecycle. In this talk, I address numerous trends in Open Research by way of reflecting upon the cultural change we are in the midst of and discussing some of the observations I have had from having worked within the Open Access space for nearly two decades. The talk will touch upon research data sharing, preprints, registered reports and other growing practices that are a part of the open research landscape.

Open Science Scholarly Communication infrastructures in Europe by Paolo Manghi, CTO, OpenAIRE/Researcher, CNR-ISTI

The presentation will illustrate the initiatives set up in Europe towards the implementation of the Open Science vision: the European Open Science Cloud and the OpenAIRE Infrastructure.

Moving beyond research journals: Open Research Publishing by Rebecca Lawrence, Managing Director, F1000Research

With a growing worldwide shift towards more open access and open science policies, together with significant technological advances, it has now become possible to make the publication of new findings faster, cheaper and more sustainable. In 2013, F1000 launched the world’s first open research publishing platform, F1000Research, combining the ability to publish rapidly with functionality to ensure greater transparency, robustness and reproducibility of research.  Our approach uses near-immediate publication together with FAIR data sharing, followed by transparent invited peer review and article versioning.  It brings control back to the author(s) and aims to facilitate the transition to more transparent, collaborative and efficient ways of doing research and delivering impact.

We are now providing publishing platforms to a large number of high-profile research-funding agencies and research-performing institutions across the world, including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, the Wellcome Trust, and the European Commission. We are also now launching our first multi-lingual publishing collaboration with the University of Tsukuba in Japan.

Developing the National Level Research Data Infrastructure in Japan by Kazutsuna Yamaji, Professor, National Institute of Informatics (NII)

Data becomes more important in scientific research. The Fourth Paradigm is a concept that focuses on how science can be advanced by sharing data. To accelerate open science in the global scope, several activities have been started at regional and national levels. European Open Science Cloud is the typical infrastructure organized under Horizon 2020 funding schema. Similar projects aim to develop shared services for managing and sharing the research data can be seen in South Korea, Australia, African countries, and also in Japan. In this talk, recent movement around research infrastructure is introduced followed by our current development in Japan.

National Infrastructure for Open Science in Korea by Hey-Sun Kim, Director, OA Center, KISTI

Open science is regarded as an infrastructure to support the 4th industrial revolution and 4th R&D paradigm. Also it is comes more important as an essential element for overcoming the corona pandemic and accelerating global collaboration. This presentation introduces the current status of open access, open data, and open collaboration in Korea. It introduces various kinds of KISTI's open science activities including the research on open access policy, the development of open access repository(KOAR) and research data repository(DataON), and the distribution of OA scholarly publishing system(ACOMS). And this presentation suggests future tasks for promoting open science in Korea.

Data journals—an open access venue for publishing data by Jihyun Kim, Associate Professor, Department of Library and Information Science, Ewha Womans University

As an emerging channel for sharing research data, data journals publish data papers that describe a dataset or a group, and the ways that they were created, but do not provide analyses or conclusions. The data and data papers are peer-reviewed and accessible using unique identifiers, which helps improve the quality, documentation, and reusability of the data, and allows credit to be given to the data creators. Most data journals are open access and encourage authors to deposit data in a publicly accessible repository. Based on the related literature review, this presentation explores the current state of data journals and the expected benefits and challenges that data journals face as a model for open access data publication.

Promoting Open Science in Korea: Promises and Challenges by Eunjung Shin, Head, Office of Institutional Innovation Research, Science and Technology Policy Institute (STEPI)

This presentation overviews the promises and challenges in promoting open science. In particular, it sheds a light on Korean perspectives and experiences, by reviewing what has been done so far in this region. It also examines what hasn’t been done and why. Data are mostly from domestic surveys as well as comparative analyses of existing global databases. The presentation ends with future directions that can be considered in order to promote open science in South Korea.